Cholera cases imported into the US, Sustained community transmission unlikely
by NewsDesk Laugh
With more than two dozen countries reporting cases of cholera, US health officials are warning that a traveler could arrive in the US with cholera at any time.
According to the Alabama Department of Public Health alert (via CDC information), eight cases have been reported among travelers returning from Pakistan, Iraq, and Bangladesh as of November 28 in the United States.
Officials note that sustained community transmission in the United States is unlikely due to reliable water, sanitation, and hygiene infrastructures. However, cholera is not often considered a possible cause of watery diarrhea among travelers returning from the United States, which can lead to treatment delays and death.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and ADPH recommend cholera vaccination for people who travel to or live in areas of active cholera transmission. This may include visiting or working in areas experiencing cholera outbreaks or during humanitarian crises.
Travelers are encouraged to check the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Travel Health Notices website to identify areas where cholera is actively transmitted and to visit a doctor or travel clinic to talk about vaccination.
Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. People who develop watery diarrhea within 5 days after being in any country where cholera occurs should seek medical attention immediately and inform the doctor of their travel history.