Cholera update in Hispaniola – Outbreak News Today

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Haiti

Since the first two confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae O1 were reported in the Greater Port-au-Prince region on October 2, 2022, to January 7, 2022, Haiti’s Ministry of Health has reported a total of 23,044 suspected cases in the country’s 10 departments, including 1, 576 confirmed cases, and 464 recorded deaths.

Nine departments confirmed cases (Artibonite, Centre, Grand Anse, Niepce, Nord, Nord Quest, Quest, Sud, Sud Est).

Of the total suspected cases, the most affected age group is 1-4 years old (20%), followed by 20-29 years old (14.5%) and 5-9 years old (14%).

UN health officials say current conditions in Haiti must be taken into account when analyzing the epidemiology of the cholera outbreak using available official data. epidemiological
Monitoring is affected by the complex humanitarian and security crisis, in addition to the limited access to fuel across the country, resulting in limited access to health services and laboratories. Moreover, most of the population in the country is extremely vulnerable to well-established chains of cholera transmission in the provinces and communes. The humanitarian crisis and insecurity have worsened in recent months. This has significantly undermined the efforts of the Ministry of Plant and Animal Health (MSPP) and other organizations to implement prevention and control measures, including epidemiological surveillance, resulting in underreporting of cases.

dominican republic

The Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance of the Dominican Republic (MISPAS) recently reported two new cases of cholera, both detected in the La Zorza sector where comprehensive interventions are being implemented in order to maintain control of the disease.

photo/CDC

The health chief said they were identified through in-depth research carried out in house-to-house campaigns and active epidemiological surveillance in hospitals.

The new cases include two 33-year-old women and a 44-year-old woman, both of Dominican nationality, residents of the La Zorza sector of the National Province, with no travel history. They have received timely medical care and are already at home receiving follow-up as they do not have health complications.

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Deputy Minister of Collective Health Dr. Eladio Pérez said it is essential to maintain hygiene at home and other places to avoid both cholera and other digestive diseases.

He stressed that “hygiene is everything, and good management of food and personal care greatly helps to avoid infections of the digestive system, giving all food the correct cooking, avoiding eating some raw materials, maintaining control, using safe water and chlorine, and this avoids complications.”

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