Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever case reported in Kaberamaido District, Uganda
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Health officials in Kaberamaido district, eastern Uganda, have reported the first case of Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF).
According to the District Health Officer, Dr. James Daniel Odongo, the patient, from Apirapira village, in Aberraquera sub-district, was recently admitted to Kaberamaido General Hospital before being referred to Soroti Regional Hospital.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widespread disease caused by a virus transmitted by ticks (Neurovirus) subordinate Poniaviride family. CCHF causes severe outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fevers, with a case fatality rate of 10-40%.
Animals are bitten by an infected tick and the virus remains in the bloodstream for about a week after infection, allowing the tick, animal, and tick cycle to continue when another tick bites. Although a number of tick genera are capable of infecting CCHF virus, ticks are of the genus hyaloma is the main vector.
CCHF is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissue during and immediately after slaughter. The majority of cases occurred in people involved in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers, and veterinarians. Transmission of infection from person to person is possible.