Dengue in Florida: 6 additional local cases reported in Miami-Dade County
by NewsDesk Laugh
in Dengue follow-up In Florida, the Florida Department of Health reported six additional cases of indigenous dengue from Miami-Dade County over the past week.
This brings the total locally acquired dengue cases to 51 in Miami-Dade County and 55 statewide.
The majority of locally transmitted cases have been identified as DENV-3, with DENV-4 and DENV-2 cases also reported.
There have been 22 cases of dengue fever reported this week in people who have traveled internationally. In 2022, there were 754 reported cases of travel-related dengue fever, including more than 500 cases reported from Miami-Dade County.
Dengue is an important mosquito-borne disease worldwide. It is caused by four dengue-associated viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4) related to viruses that cause West Nile infection and yellow fever.
A person can become infected with each of these four viruses during their lifetime.
Dengue infection is transmitted primarily by the bite of certain types of mosquitoes Aedes aegyptibut also Aedes albopictusboth of which are located in Florida.
Dengue can be a painful and debilitating disease, but it is rarely fatal. Symptoms appear 3-14 days after the bite of an infected mosquito and include sudden onset of fever, severe headache, eye pain, muscle and joint pain (the illness is termed “breaking bone fever”), and bleeding. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea may also appear in some cases. Dengue symptoms usually last 4 to 7 days. The disease is often misdiagnosed because its symptoms are similar to the flu and other viruses.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a rare but more severe form of dengue infection that can be fatal if not recognized and treated with supportive care. The primary risk factor for hemorrhagic fever is previous infection with a different dengue serotype (ie infection with DENV-2 if you already have DENV-1 puts you at increased risk for hemorrhagic fever).