Georgia reports ‘swine flu’ case, 8th in the US this year

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The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports a new human infection with influenza A virus reported by the Georgia Department of Public Health. The patient was infected with influenza A (H1N2) virus type (A (H1N2) v).

Photo / Robert Hermann

The patient is less than 18 years old and has not been admitted to the hospital and recovered from his illness.

An investigation by local public health officials found that the patient had been in contact with pigs and had attended agricultural fairs prior to the onset of his illness. Further investigation did not reveal the presence of respiratory illness in any of the patient’s home contacts. No person-to-person transmission of the A(H1N2) virus has been identified associated with this patient.

Eight human infections with variant A influenza viruses were reported in the United States in 2022, including three H3N2v (West Virginia) and five H1N2v (Georgia, Michigan, Ohio, Oregon, and Wisconsin).

Swine flu viruses usually infect pigs and can infect humans in rare cases. Swine flu viruses are generally known as “swine flu”. Human infection with “swine flu” usually occurs in people exposed to infected pigs, such as people who work in the pig industry, children and/or adults who keep or expose pigs, and people who come into direct contact with infected pigs at the fair. or anywhere else. Human infection with swine flu occurs mainly when an infected pig coughs or sneezes and droplets of virus spread through the air. If these droplets fall into the nose or mouth, humans can become infected. There is some evidence that infection can also be spread by touching something with the virus on it and then touching the mouth or nose.

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In the United States, there are three previously discovered types of type A swine influenza viruses that can cause disease in humans: H1N1v, H3N2v, and H1N2v. Pigs infected with any of these types of swine flu may show signs of illness such as fever, depression, cough (barking), discharge from the nose or eyes, sneezing, difficulty breathing, eye redness or inflammation, and passing food. Not all pigs with influenza show signs of illness or may be only mildly ill. Swine flu can spread at any time of the year, but like the normal flu season for human influenza viruses, most outbreaks occur in the late fall and winter.

In rare cases, humans who have been in direct contact with infected pigs may develop flu-like symptoms, such as fever, lethargy, lack of appetite, and cough. People have also reported signs of illness including a runny nose, sore throat, eye irritation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.



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