Hand, foot and mouth disease in the Philippines: Iloilo and Bacolod City
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The Iloilo Regional Health Office Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit (PHO-PESU) recently reported that more than 2,000 registered cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in the province have recovered.
Health officials said all 2,407 HFMD cases from Jan. 1 to Feb. 25 are classified as recovered.
The cities with the highest number of cases were 6. Barbara, Alimodian, Leon, Kalinug and Badianjan.
The Bacolod City Health Bureau (CHO) reported 113 cases of HFMD from January 1 to February 25. Barangay (village) Handumanan reported the most cases with 22 cases, followed by Barangay Vista Alegre with 11 cases.
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HFMD is usually a benign and self-healing disease. Most common in young children, it presents as an oral fever pests A rash on the hands, feet and buttocks. Oral lesions consist of rapidly ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate, and gingiva. The rash consists of papular-vesicular lesions on the palms, fingers, and soles of the feet, which generally last for seven to 10 days, and papular lesions on the buttocks.
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Hand, foot and mouth disease is caused by viruses belonging to Enterovirus gender (group). This group of viruses includes polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and Enteroviruses.
- Coxsackievirus A16 is the most common cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease in the United States, but other coxsackieviruses have been associated with the disease.
- Enterovirus 71 has also been associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease and outbreaks of this disease.
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EV-71 has been implicated in an outbreak of TMD in Southeast Asia over several years. EV 71 is a non-polio enterovirus.
complications Associated with HFMD caused by the most pathogenic EV-71 strain include encephalitis, aseptic MeningitisSeeing loose Paralysis, pulmonary edema or hemorrhage and myocarditis. Most deaths in HFMD occur as a result of pulmonary edema or haemorrhage.
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