Indonesia reports polio case in Aceh Province


by NewsDesk Lord, save her

The Indonesian Ministry of Health (Kementerian Kesehatan) reported a case of polio type 2 (circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDP2) that was found in a child from Pedi district, Aceh province.

According to the administrative level set by the World Health Organization, the local government has designated this event as an extraordinary event (KLB).

The government will provide additional polio immunization to children between the ages of 0-13, simultaneously on 28 November and 5 December 2022 in all districts in Aceh.

The Pedi regency The following press release was issued in Aceh on Saturday (computer translated):

A case of polio (witheral paralysis) was found in a child in Pidie on November 10, 2022. This finding was confirmed by laboratory test results by Prof. Sri Umegati, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, which is a national reference laboratory.

The discovery of this case began with a 7-year-old child, a resident of Mani district. At first, the child has a fever, then pain in the joints and weakness in the limbs appears.

After laboratory and physical examinations, it was found that the patient was infected with the polio virus.

This was confirmed by Pidie’s Acting Trustee, Ir Wahyudi Adisiswanto M.Si, along with Pidie’s Chief Health Services Officer, Dr Arika Abubakar, Sp.OG, at the local Regent’s Hall, Friday (11/18/2022).

In this case, the acting trustee stated that Pidie faced an exceptional case (KLB).


“With the discovery of a case of polio in Bedi, we declare this to be an exceptional event, because as we know, Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries have been declared polio-free,” said the Acting Governor of Bedi.

Meanwhile, the Chief of Health Services in Bede stated that his party along with a team from the Aceh Health Services, Ministry of Health, WHO and UNICEF have carried out an initial response in the form of an epidemiological investigation.

This includes searching for additional cases in affected areas, either in the community or through visits to local health centers and hospitals.

Next, conduct a vaccination coverage review and a social assessment to see how people in affected areas are receiving vaccination.

“Apart from that, the TGC will also be coordinated and activated immediately,” explained Dr. Arica.

Arika added that the poliovirus is transmitted through water contaminated with feces containing poliovirus. If this virus enters the body of a child who has not received full immunization against polio, the virus will multiply in the digestive tract and attack the child’s nervous system.

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He said again, causing paralysis. This can occur if immunization coverage has been low for a long time, along with unfavorable environmental sanitation conditions, such as open defecation (BABS).

Moreover, for the patients’ current treatment, a repeat visit by the pediatrician has been made and medical rehabilitation is recommended.

The Health Bureau through the Mani Health Center facilitated referrals to T Chik Ditiro Sigli Hospital.

To deal with outbreaks, as instructed by the expert panel team, a sub-immunization response will be implemented immediately by providing polio drip immunization to all children aged 0-13 years.

The Bede District Government is also working to immediately increase public education on the importance of routine immunization, clean and healthy living habits, especially toilet defecation behavior and the involvement of all parties.

“This education will involve all parties, ranging from regional leaders, SKPK heads, religious leaders, community leaders, youth groups, the PKK, professional organizations, mass organizations, educational institutions, health personnel, academics, the media and other elements of society, to support the prevention of poliovirus transmission,” concluded Dr. Arika .

Please note that polio is a highly contagious disease that can cause permanent paralysis, and even death, especially in children under 5 years of age who are not fully immunized against polio.

Poliovirus enters the body through the mouth, originating from water or food contaminated with the faeces/faeces of an infected person.

Early symptoms of polio include fever, fatigue, and headache. Vomiting, stiff neck, pain in the legs.

This is the first polio case reported in Indonesia Since 2019.

The WHO Southeast Asia Region It was certified polio-free on 27 March 2014 by an independent panel under the WHO accreditation process. Southeast Asia includes eleven countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Timor-Leste.

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