Minas Gerais dengue and chikungunya update


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The Ministry of Health of Minas Gerais issued its latest epidemiological bulletin last week, which shows the latest data on dengue and chikungunya in the state this year so far:

Dengue fever:

As of October 10, Minas Gerais has registered 86,483 probable cases of dengue fever. Of that total, 64,991 cases and 57 deaths have been confirmed, with another 34 deaths under investigation.

Nationwide, a total of 2,113,615 dengue and severe dengue cases have been reported in Brazil so far, including 898 deaths, according to the American Health Organization (PAHO).

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a virus spread by mosquito bites. The disease can take up to two weeks to develop, with the disease generally lasting less than a week.

The health effects of dengue include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash, muscle and joint pain, and light bleeding.

Dengue fever can become severe within a few hours. Severe dengue fever is a medical emergency that usually requires hospitalization.

In severe cases, health effects can include haemorrhage (uncontrolled bleeding), shock (dangerously low blood pressure), organ failure, and death.

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7,347 probable cases of the disease have been registered, of which 5,104 have been confirmed. So far, there are no confirmed deaths from chikungunya in Minas Gerais, and five are still under investigation.

The PAHO has also reported 240,344 cases of chikungunya, including 118,238 confirmed cases. 68 deaths were reported.

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It can cause high fever, muscle and muscle aches, and headache. While chikungunya often does not lead to death, joint pain associated with the disease can persist for months or years and may become a cause of chronic pain and disability. There is no specific treatment for this infection and no vaccine to prevent it.

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