Nigeria: Public health advisory issued over diphtheria outbreak

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Nigerian health officials issued a public health alert last week about an outbreak of diphtheria in several states.

Photo/Robert Herrmann

Nigeria Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) responded to reports of diphtheria cases in Kano State where this was reported At least 25 people In the state were killed.

In addition, cases have been reported in Lagos, Osun and Yobe states.

Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by a strain of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae that make poison (poison). The infection can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, kidney failure, paralysis, and even death.

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Signs and symptoms usually begin 2-10 days after exposure to the bacteria. Symptoms of diphtheria include: fever, runny nose, sore throat, cough, red eyes (conjunctivitis), neck swelling and, in severe cases, a thick gray or white patch on the tonsils and/or in the back of the throat, accompanied by difficulty. breathing.

The Nigeria Child Immunization Schedule recommends three (3) doses of pentavalent (diphtheria toxoid-containing) vaccine recommended for children in the 6th, 10th and 14th week of life.

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