Russia: Two people hospitalized with anthrax in Chuvashia
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Two people were hospitalized with anthrax in Chuvashia, Tsivelsky municipal district, according to the Republic’s Health Minister Vladimir Stepanov.
“As of March 15, two patients with anthrax with a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis have been admitted to the Chuvash Republic. They are receiving all the necessary specific treatment. The therapeutic prognosis is favorable,” he said.
And the President of the Republic, Oleg Nikolaev, said that “more than 130 contacts of the infected are in good health, are under constant medical supervision, and are receiving preventive treatment,” as he wrote in his message. Telegram account.
In addition, Nikolaev signed a decree yesterday that quarantined the territory:
“Implementation of restrictive (quarantine) measures for anthrax in the epidemiological focus area, disadvantaged point and endangered area … from March 16, 2023 until further notice. Determination of the epidemiological focus within the territory of the personal subplot located in the village of Staroe Aktashevo, Zaprudnaya Street, house 18 “.
Anthrax is a bacterial pathogen in cattle and wild the animals. Ruminants such as bison, cattle, sheep, and goats are highly susceptible and horses can also be infected.
Anthrax is very dangerous illness of cattle because it can cause speeding Loss for a large number of animals in So short time. Affected animals are often found dead with no disease detected.
When conditions become favorable, the spores germinate colonies to bacteria. that Example Will be grazing The cow swallows the germs in it the cowThey germinate, grow and spread Recently killing animal. Causing anthrax bacteriaAnd hard anthrax. This is spore formation bacteria Can survive In the environment for decades because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drought, etc. This is it Usually the infectious stage of anthrax.
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There are no reports of human-to-human transmission of anthrax. People contract anthrax by handling contaminated animals or animal productsconsumption of undercooked infected animal meat, and more recently, the deliberate release of spores.
There are three types of human anthrax of varying severity: cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalational.