Singapore reports 14% drop in HIV cases in 2022
by NewsDesk Lord, save her
Singapore’s Ministry of Health reports that a total of 171 new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were reported among residents in the first 10 months (January-October) of 2022. The number of notifications is 14% less than the number of HIV cases (HIV). In the same period in 2021.
The Ministry of Health analyzed 102 cases reported in the first six months (January-June) of 2022. Among these cases:
me. 93 percent male;
Secondly. 40% are between the ages of 20-39 and 44% are between the ages of 40-59; And the
Third. 59% had HIV infection at a late stage at diagnosis. This is 1% lower than in the same period last year.
Sexual contact remains the main mode of transmission of HIV, accounting for 91% of 102 cases. Heterosexual transmission accounted for 39% of cases while 52% of cases occurred in men who have sex with men, including men who have sex with bisexual men (3%).
55% of newly reported cases were detected by HIV tests conducted during the course of medical care and were usually late-stage HIV infection. Another 17% were detected during routine, programmatic HIV screening While 15% are detected through HIV self-examination. The remainder were detected by other forms of examination. A higher proportion of MSM (23%) are diagnosed with HIV by HIV self-testing than heterosexuals (8%).
The most effective way to prevent HIV infection is to remain faithful to your spouse/partner and avoid casual sex, or sex with sex workers. People who engage in high-risk sexual behavior, such as having multiple sexual partners or having casual or commercial sex, are strongly advised to use condoms to reduce the risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms must be used consistently and correctly during each sexual encounter. In addition, the use of preventive measures such as pre-exposure prophylaxis with HIV is very effective when used as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy.
Taking an HIV test is the only way to know a person’s HIV status. Everyone should know their HIV status and be tested at least once. The Department of Health and the Health Promotion Board (HPB) urge at-risk individuals to have a regular HIV test every three to six months. HIV testing and regular early diagnosis allows people living with HIV to receive early treatment and better treatment outcomes. An HIV-infected person can protect their sexual partner from infection, if they are on regular treatment and have an undetectable viral load. With early and effective treatment, people living with HIV can continue to live lives no different than others.