Taiwan reports 1st hantavirus case of 2023


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Taiwan’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reported the country’s first case of hantavirus in 2023.

Photo/Robert Herrmann

The case concerned a woman in her 30s in central Taiwan, whose family member was diagnosed with hantavirus syndrome in November last year (2022). The patient was hospitalized, treated and discharged, and his condition is currently stable.

She has no recent travel history, and her main activities are work and home. She often comes into contact with rodents at work, and may come into contact with wild rat feces in her daily activities.

According to the statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were 5 confirmed cases of hantavirus syndrome in Taiwan in 2022.

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According to the Department of Disease Control and Prevention, hantavirus syndrome is an infectious disease of zoonotic origin. Humans become infected by inhalation of, or contact with, flying dust or objects contaminated with hantavirus feces or secretions (including feces, urine, and saliva), or become infected. Through contact between humans is extremely low. Hantavirus syndrome is divided into two types according to clinical symptoms: “Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome” and “Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome”. The main symptoms after infection with hemorrhagic fever are sudden and persistent fever, conjunctival hyperemia, weakness, back pain, headache, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, etc. Symptoms of bleeding appear on the third to sixth day, followed by proteinuria, hypotension or oliguria. Some patients may develop shock or mild nephropathy, and may progress to acute renal failure, the condition can improve after treatment.

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