West Nile virus case reported in Hillsborough County

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The Florida Department of Health in Hillsborough County (DOH-Hillsborough) recently reported a locally acquired human case of West Nile virus (WNV).

In response, DOH-Hillsborough and Hillsborough County mosquito control are collaboratively responding through prevention, mosquito control, and surveillance efforts.

photo/CDC

In 2022, Florida reported five cases of WNV – Volusia (2), Sarasota, Hillsboro, and St. Johns counties.

DOH-Hillsborough reminds residents and visitors to take basic precautions to limit exposure, in order
To reduce the risk of being bitten.

To protect yourself from mosquitoes, you must remember to “drain and cover”.

sink Stagnant water to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.

Drain water from garbage cans, house gutters, buckets, pool covers, coolers, toys, flower pots, or
Any other containers where sprinklers or rainwater collect.
• Get rid of old tyres, bottles, utensils, broken appliances and other unused items.
• Empty and clean birdbaths and pet water bowls at least twice a week.
• Protect boats and vehicles from rain by using fabrics that do not accumulate water.
• Maintaining swimming pools in good condition and treated with chlorine. Empty plastic swimming pools
when not in use.

cover Skin with clothing or insect repellent.

• Clothing – wearing shoes, socks, long pants and long sleeves. This type of protection may be
Essential for people who have to work in areas where mosquitoes are present.
• Repellent – Apply mosquito repellent to bare skin and clothing.
◦ Always use insect repellents according to the label. Insect repellent with DEET, picaridin, lemon oil
Camphor, para-menthan-diol, 2-undecanone and IR3535 are effective.
◦ Use a mosquito net to protect babies under 2 months of age.
• Inspection and repair of door and window screens. Keep it closed and use the air conditioner
When possible.
• Ensure that window screens are in good condition to reduce the chances of mosquitoes indoors.

Tips on using insect repellents

• Apply insect repellent containing DEET (10-30%), picaridin, lemon eucalyptus oil, paramenthane-diol, 2-undecanone or IR3535.
• Treat clothing and gear with products containing 0.5%. Do not apply permethrin directly to the skin.
Some sports clothing and equipment are pre-treated with permethrin.
• Use an EPA-approved insect repellent on exposed skin
and clothes. The EPA’s handy search tool can help you find the product that best fits your needs.
• Follow the directions on the product label, especially if you are applying it to children.
• Apply insect repellent to exposed skin or clothing, but not under clothing.
• Always follow directions when applying insect repellent to children and do not use insect repellents
Using DEET for children under 2 months of age or lemon and eucalyptus oil for children under 3 years of age
year.
• Avoid putting insect repellent on children’s hands. Adults should first use insect repellent on their own
Then you transfer it to the child’s skin and clothes.

About 1 in 5 infected people present with a fever along with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. Most people with a fever are caused by West Nile virus
He fully recovers, but fatigue and weakness may persist for weeks or months.

While most cases are mild, about 1 in 150 people may develop severe disease affecting the central system
nervous system infections such as encephalitis (encephalitis) or meningitis (inflammation of the
membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord).



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